DPEX
 
Database of Peritoneal dialysis in EXcel
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Serum albumin levels of patients on peritoneal dialysis with or without peritonitis: a single center study

 

Juntana Chukasorn 1, Nithat Torbunsupachai 2, Asawin Rungpattanakijchai 1, Siribha Changsirikulchai2

 

PD Center, Sena Hospital, Ayutthaya, Thailand 1, Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand 2


 

Purpose: Hypoalbuminemia and peritonitis (PN) are common problems in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study aims to compare serum albumin levels of patients on PD with and without PN.

Method: Data of PD patients at Sena Hospital registered in Database of Peritoneal dialysis in EXcel(DPEX)during May 2011 to November 2018 were analyzed. Patients were classified into 2 groups. Group 1 was patients without peritonitis. Group 2 was patients with history of peritonitis. Serum albumin levels in unit of g/dL at
baseline, at 2 months before PN, and at the last follow up were reported in mean ± SD and compared between 2 groups.

Result: There were 149 (89 males and 60 females) patients included. Patients who were diabetes were 96 (64.4%) cases. Patients with history of PN and without PN were 54 (36.2%) and 95 (63.8%) cases, respectively. Number of diabetic patients with PN was 31 (57.4%) cases. Number of diabetic patients without PN was 65 (68.4%) cases. Patients with PN had serum albumin levels at the baseline higher than patients without PN (3.45±0.71 vs 3.14±0.68 g/dL; p<0.05). Serum albumin levels at 2 months before PN were declined in patients with PN (2.73±0.72 g/dL). Serum albumin levels at the last follow up in patients with PN were lower than those in patients without PN (2.31±0.79 vs 2.50±0.66 g/dL; p>0.05).

Conclusion: Hypoalbuminemia has relationship with PN in patients on PD. It may be a risk and effect of PN.Interventions to increase albumin levels may reduce risk of PN.

     
 
 
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